is a broad term meaning degeneration of the spinal column from any cause. In the more narrow sense it refers to spinal osteoarthritis, the age-related wear and tear of the spinal column, which is the most common cause of spondylosis
When the space between two adjacent vertebrae narrows, compression of a nerve root emerging from the spinal cord may result in radiculopathy (sensory and motor disturbances, such as severe pain in the neck, shoulder, arm, back, or leg, accompanied by muscle weakness).
A physiotherapist can show a person with cervical spondylosis how to stretch and strengthen the neck and vertebrae, improve posture and help prevent neck pain from returning.
When you visit a physiotherapist, you’ll first have a complete evaluation. The physiotherapist will examine your neck and assess how well you can move your neck. You may be asked about symptoms such as pain in the neck or between the shoulder blades, pain that radiates down the arm to the hand or fingers, or numbness or tingling in the shoulder or arm. The examination will also check your strength and reflexes.
is a type of joint disease that results from breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone. The most common symptoms are joint pain and stiffness
symptoms may include joint swelling, decreased range of motion, and when the back is affected weakness or numbness of the arms and legs. The most commonly involved joints are those near the ends of the fingers, at the base of the thumb, neck, lower back, knee, and hips
Develop an individualized plan of exercises to improve flexibility, strength, coordination and balance to achieve optimal physical function.
Teach you proper posture and body mechanics for common daily activities to relieve pain and improve function.
Show you how to properly use assistive devices such as walkers and canes.
Recommend different treatment options,ultrasound, electrotherapy, braces and splints to support joints, shoe inserts to relieve stress on the lower extremities, and hot and cold therapy to ease joint pain and stiffness.
Suggest modifications to your environment, such as ergonomic chairs or a cushioned mat in your kitchen, to relieve pain and improve function.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
is a long-lasting autoimmune disorder that primarily affects joints. It typically results in warm, swollen, and painful joints. Pain and stiffness often worsen following rest. Most commonly, the wrist and hands are involved, with the same joints typically involved on both sides of the body. The disease may also affect other parts of the body. This may result in a low red blood cell count, inflammation around the lungs, and inflammation around the heart. Fever and low energy may also be present.Often, symptoms come on gradually over weeks to months.
decrease inflammation, and improve a person’s overall functioning. This may be helped by Physiotherapy including balancing rest and exercise, the use of splints and braces, or the use of assistive devices
ultrasound to improve the circulation
electrotherapy to relieve the pain
Calcaneal spur (or heel spur):
When a foot bone is exposed to constant stress, calcium deposits build up on the bottom of the heel bone .Major symptoms consist of pain in the region surrounding the spur, which typically increases in intensity after prolonged periods of rest. Patients may report heel pain to be more severe when waking up in the morning. Patients may not be able to bear weight on the afflicted heel comfortably. Running, walking, or lifting heavy weight may exacerbate the issue.
Many treatment options exist, and good results are often observed.
To alleviate heel spur pain, a person should begin doing foot and calf workouts.
Strong muscles in the calves and lower legs will help take the stress off the bone and thus help cure or prevent heel spurs.
Icing the area is an effective way to get immediate pain relief.
Rehabilitation after Fractures:
A break in the continuity of a bone.
Fractures like most injuries come in many forms from relatively minor fractures to major life threatening injuries.
Muscle Assessment: Following immobilisation muscles surrounding the fracture site lose bulk, length and strength. It is very important that a safe exercise program is prescribed and progressed under the supervision of a physiotherapist to restore muscle length and balance and prevent secondary complications occurring.
Joint Mobilisation: Joint stiffness often occurs when a limb is not allowed to move for several weeks. At Focus on Movement Physiotherapy Centre staff are trained in techniques which can improve and restore range of movement of the affected joints once the fracture has healed.
Massage: The release of tight bands and trigger points that occur within muscles following splinting or casting has been shown to reduce pain and restore muscle length.
Heat and Electrotherapy: It is very common for stiffness within soft tissues to occur following prolonged immobilisation. Heat and Electrotherapy have been shown as useful adjuncts to manual treatment and exercise therapy in relieving pain and restoring muscle length.
Gait Education: If your fracture requires the use of gait aids such as crutches then the physiotherapist can advise you with the most appropriate equipment and way of walking that promotes optimal healing and safety.